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Cannabis Clones vs Seeds

When it comes to cultivating weed, you have two choices. Clones vs seeds: which is better for growing cannabis?

Seeds, on the one hand, are predictable, straightforward, and accessible. Clones, on the other hand, are efficient, effective, and retain the mother plant’s identical characteristics. Both techniques, though, have drawbacks.

This article includes a comparison between the two methods. Read it before you start your crop.

What Are Plant Clones?

Plant clones are the cutting parts of the plant. Those cuttings will become plants with the same genes as the host plant once they have grown roots.

After your seeds have germinated, you may notice that each plant (or phenotypes) appears to be extremely distinct. In this case, the DNA transferred from their parents might arise in a variety of ways.

As a result, cloning the plant with certain features that you like enables you to keep those genetics.

what are plant clones
Clones keep the genetics from their mother plants

How To Choose The Best Seeds For Growing Marijuana?

Healthy plants and abundant yields require high-quality seeds. While appropriate nutrition, grow mediums (indoor or outdoor) and light sources certainly have an impact on your plant’s growth and production capacity, starting a crop with top-shelf genes is just as crucial. 

How to pick the good seeds from the rest? There are some factors to focus on.

Color

The outer layer shell of matured marijuana seeds can range in hue from extremely dark to light grey. They may also come with tiger-like stripes. Those seeds must be able to press firmly in your hands without getting damaged.

Meanwhile, cannabis seeds that are still immature are usually green. They have a fragile exterior shell that could break under any type of stress.

color of good cannabis seeds
Good cannabis seeds are dark

Size

Using the size to judge a seed’s quality is not advisable. Seeds of various shapes and sizes can form the same plants at times. Never throw away a seed because it looks smaller or has a distinctive shape compared to the others.

Gender

It’s almost impossible to identify the gender of cannabis seed just by staring at it. People may just buy common seeds and check them later.

Cannabis plants can’t usually be sexed until they start to expand. Marijuana seeds and plants during the vegetative phase will resemble one another in their appearance. As your plants move to the flowering phase, they will begin to display very distinct indicators of their gender.

Types Of Seed

Weed planters often choose between two options: Indica or Sativa strains. For those searching for hybrids or crossbred strains, there are other alternatives.

Sativa-strains are moderately high, whilst Indica-strains are more for relaxation. Because the impact varies in individuals, pick the high you need according to the

How To Plant Seeds?

After choosing the high-quality strains, it’s time to germinate and grow your cannabis seeds.

Temperature, darkness, and humidity are all necessary for weed seeds to germinate. We’ve put up a step-by-step guide to the most often used technique of growing marijuana seeds. 

But first, double-check that you don’t have any aged, untreated seeds or ones that run half dry. Seeds that are younger and healthier do not need delicate germination. You can plant them immediately in a growth medium.

The germinate process is as follows:

  • Tear the paper towel into two halves and fold it in half.
  • Ensure the paper towels are moist but not soaking. The paper should be wet on all sides.
  • Place half of the tower on a plate.
  • Spread the seeds on the cloth with the rounded edges facing up. To prevent the roots from becoming tangled as they rise, separate the seeds for 0.5 inches apart.
  • Make sure the other side of the moist towel can touch the seeds while wrapping them.
  • Then, lay another plate upside down on the said one. Ensure the plates you’re using are all the same shape and size. You have to keep the seeds in the dark while also maintaining a high level of moisture to keep them wet.
weed seed germinate
Seeds need moisture to germinate

Advantages Of Growing Cannabis From Seeds

Some growers believe that growing from seeds is the purest form of weed cultivation. During harvest time, it does provide a strong sense of fulfillment.

Most home gardeners all over the world use seeds to begin their crops. The seeds are more available and legal in most nations. Let’s look at some of the most compelling aspects of running your garden from seeds.

Seeds Are Accessible 

Today, you can simply purchase seeds from various well-known seedbanks via the internet. They’ll deliver discreetly packaged items to your home mailbox.

Ungerminated marijuana seeds are generally completely legal to purchase, store, and gather even in nations where weed is still illegal. Using seeds as a starting point can keep you on the right side of the law.

Start From The Very Beginning

Seeds not only provide a more rewarding final product but also allow farmers to begin with a new set of genes. These little DNA packets have a code that even bad environmental conditions or a variety of illnesses cannot harm. However, as we’ll see later, this feature isn’t true for all the clones.

You Can Produce Your Own Strain

You may start creating your own strains when you’ve acquired the technique of cultivating marijuana from seeds. Make a cross between your best female and a treasured male. By the end of the planting period, you’ll receive hundreds of seeds.

Higher Possibility Of Feminized Seeds 

Typical seeds might be either male or female. However, excellent feminized seeds are 99% sure to be female.

feminized seeds
Feminized seeds increase the chances of female plants

Female marijuana plants yield sticky, cannabinoid-rich flowers, which is what most farmers want. Males, on the other hand, create pollen sacs, which are vital for reproduction but decrease the effectiveness of the female plants.

You’ll save a lot of effort and time with feminized seeds since you won’t have to deal with males. As a result, you’ll obtain a lot of high-quality weed.

Disadvantages Of Growing Cannabis From Seeds

Starting with weed seeds may appear to be ideal. However, there are still drawbacks. Let’s talk about the disadvantages of planting seeds.

Not all seeds can germinate.

Although well-known seed banks provide better germination rates, not all seeds can germinate. As a result, even if you may intend to grow one plant, we recommend starting a crop with more seeds.

Seeds Take More Time To Grow

Seeds need a longer time to reach their harvest stage than clones. The earliest indications of life might require a few days to appear from the soil. 

After that, let the plant take one or two weeks to turn into a seedling. It may not seem like a long time, and there’s a reason why auto-flowering strains have become that prevalent.

Seeds need more time to grow
Seeds need more time to grow

Genotype Differences

Seeds from the same plant can have a somewhat distinct genotype. From parents to offspring, there is always genetic diversity.

It indicates that seeds will not create exact replicas of their parents. As they become older, you’ll notice distinctions between these plants. They vary in flavor, height, and yield.

How To Get Clones From Mother Cannabis Plants ?

Cloning a plant is all about retaining the best characteristics of a strain. As a result, you may be picky about which plants you get the clones from.

You can choose the plant to clone from the germination stage of its mother. When you grow several seeds at the same time, there must be a few seeds that grow the fastest with the best smell and appearance. These seeds may produce the most as well. They are the stains that you should clone.

On the other hand, some gardeners choose to collect clones in the vegetative stage. They only preserve the strongest clones from the plant they appreciate the most.

Regarding getting the clones, there are a few important factors to consider.

The Rooting Medium

It’s advisable to plant the clones in well-aerated soil that maintains moisture to enable them to form strong roots. Rockwool cube options may bring out the best results. They provide for a lot of ventilation while also holding a lot of moisture. 

To keep the humidity around the clones, put a plastic tray as well.

Necessary Tools

The key to collecting and creating strong clones is hygiene. Before treating the plants, ensure to wash your hands and wear gloves. Remember to use high-proof alcohol to disinfect the scissors, razor, scalpel, and workspace.

Rooting Gel

You need to take quick action once you’ve got the clone. Exposing the inside of the branch to the environment for too long is risky. Setting up the workspace before cutting can assist in speeding up the cloning procedure. Just apply the rooting gel to the media and it’s ready to use.

rooting gel
Applying rooting gel is necessary

Additionally, before starting to clone, gently wet the medium. Just make sure you don’t overdo it. High humidity and damp medium are good for clones. 

Choose The Clone

Clones from both vegging and blooming stages are technically possible. Cuttings obtained from a blooming plant, on the other hand, may need more time to root and thrive at a slower rate. 

The greatest place to get clones is from the top of strong branches. Keep in mind that the stronger the clone is, the quicker it can root and expand. Clones from the bottom of the branches are not ideal since they absorb less light and create smaller buds. 

Cut The Clone

Make a quick chop at a 45° angle underneath the final node of the cutting to get a clone. This clone length will expand the rooting contact area, allowing the branch to produce more roots and rise bigger.

Dip the cutting in the rooting gel before sticking it straight to the medium. Cut the clone’s bottom leaves after it is secure. Lastly, to increase water and photosynthesis content, cut the fingertips of the clone’s left leaves.

cut a clone from the cannabis plant
Cut a clone from the cannabis plant

How To Clone Your Cannabis Plant?

You need to prepare a sterile atmosphere and soil moisture before planting a clone. After that, gently take the clones from the medium and transplant them using gloves.

The growing method may differ in each cultivation condition. You can refer to the following ideas. 

Clone Cannabis In Soil

You may leave the plants in pots until they grow when transplanting in soil. Based on the size of your starting pots and the rate of development of your clone, the waiting time may be 3 to 4 weeks or longer. 

Grow the clones after the roots touch the cup’s sides if you’re utilizing cups as planters.

clone cannabis in soil
Clone weed in soil

The process for cloning in the soil is as follows:

  • Prepare the soil and containers. A light potting mix and plastic cups can be good choices. Meanwhile, fertilized soils may damage your clones, so avoid them.
  • Allow your soil to drain after gently soaking it.
  • Grab your clone, dunk it in cloning solution, and plant it in the soil.
  • To keep the clone in place, carefully wipe out the dirt around its stem.
  • To improve moisture, place your clone in a propagator or tent and spray water on it.

Clone Cannabis In Water

Cloning cannabis straight in the water is also possible. 

  • Pour unchlorinated water (with a pH level from 5.8 to 6) into a container.
  • Place the clone in the water container after dipping it in the rooting gel.
  • To avoid germs and algae from accumulating around the clones, change the liquid every 2 or 3 days.
clone cannabis in water
Clone weed in water

Advantages Of Growing Cannabis From Clones

A clone is a genetic duplicate of its mother plant. As you’ll see later, this characteristic may be a benefit or a disaster. Let’s start with the positives.

Higher chances to grow female plants.

A female host plant will generate another female since clones are identical replicas. Farmers can avoid the 50/50 probability of blooming from ordinary seeds by using this method. It also minimizes the chance of feminized seeds producing a male plant.

Clones Save Planters Time

You don’t have to wait for seeds to germinate and turn into a decent-sized seedling when you are using clones. You pass right over that part! Just plant your cuttings and you’ll have ready-to-grow plants.

Growers Know What To Get

Clones replicate the characteristics of the parent plant. They’ll inherit most of the mother’s characteristics, including height, flavor, appearance, and productivity.

However, environmental and genetic variables will cause seeds to change somewhat from the plants from which they originated.

growers know what to get
You know what you will get when growing clones

Disadvantages Of Growing Cannabis From Clones

In certain ways, clones surpass seeds, but they aren’t optimal. If you opt for growing from clones, you may encounter the following concerns.

It’s Hard To Find Clones

You have to get the clones from a plant that is actively growing. As a result, if you are a home gardener, they’re pretty hard to come by. Moreover, they are unlawful before they ever reach your hands, making delivering them extremely unsafe.

In most regions, visiting your growing friends could be the greatest approach to get clones. If you politely ask, you could get a couple of cuttings.

hard to find clones
It’s not easy to find a clone

You Have To Treat The Clones Carefully

Seeds are strong. You can throw them into the ground right away. On the other hand, clones are sensitive and need lots of care. If not, they will die before they can form roots.

For the greatest upbringing, clones need specially designed surroundings with customized conditions. They require ideal humidity as well as temperature. As a result, you have to make extra space in the grow room to accommodate their demands.

Clones May Inherit Bad Characteristics

The clones carry all the characteristics of their mother plants, including the bad ones. You may not realize it, but the mother plant may have a genetic flaw or problem. Everything comes clear once you’ve grown several clones. When it does, though, it will cause some damage.

FAQs – Clones vs Seeds

How much light for clones?

You should give the clones around 18 hours of light in the ideal situation. This amount of light will encourage the production of strong leaves and stems. The last 6 hours of the clone should be in the dark to foster root development.

When to add nutrients to clones?

Clones are sensitive. Giving them nutrients before they are ready might harm the plant terribly. A few days after transplanting them is the optimum time to feed them nutrition. The length of time depends on the sort of plants, the size of the cut, and how strong it is.

What time is best to plant clones?

Early August is the ideal time to grow clones outside. It’s better to begin planting as soon as possible. Planting on August 1st, when there are about 14 hours of sunshine, allows you to take advantage of the greatest sunlight in the season.

What temperature is ideal for clones?

Clones enjoy temperatures of 75 to 85°F. 78°F appears to be the most optimal option. To maintain clones at a fixed temperature, a seedling heat pad may be the perfect item to employ.

When will my clones start showing roots?

Clones generally start to form roots after seven to ten days. Some plant types take longer to grow, while others require less time. Growers can deal with the clones like vegetative plants once they have rooted and adapted to the surrounding temperature and humidity.

How many clones can I take off one mother plant?

The answer is contingent on the plant’s height, condition, and age. Only 2 to 3 clones are possible from small, immature mother plants. Meanwhile, larger mother plants can readily handle 6 to 8 clones removed from them at once.

How long do cannabis seeds last?

If you keep the seeds in a cold, dark room, they can last for 16 months. It would be best to freeze them if you’re not using them.

What is the difference between male and female cannabis seeds?

It’s hard to tell their differences if you only look at the seed’s appearance. You may need to wait until the plants reach the vegetative stage to distinguish the weed gender.

What do feminized seeds mean?

Feminized seeds are the ones that can create female plants. Ordinary seeds, on the other hand, have a 50% probability of generating male plants.

Are cannabis seeds legal?

Cannabis seeds are frequently available for legal purchase to serve some purposes such as bird feeding, fishing bait, and storage. They may be inaccessible for growing.

Conclusion

We have just compared clones vs seeds: which is better for growing cannabis. Both techniques have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. You can pick which option to choose after weighing the characteristics of each.

Hopefully, you will make a wise choice for your cultivation. If you need any further information, please feel free to ask.

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